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China Professional Starter CNC Machining of Driving Gear Mechanical Parts for Agricultural Machinery New Energy Motor Shaft 7alloy Steel Drive Shaft Rigid Axle with ISO9001 boat trailer axle

Product Description

 

Parameter specifications

 

Certification Shipment Quality material Company System Certification
IATF16949 in time high steel ISO9001

 

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. East Port Gear Manufacturing factory is located in Zhoujia Industrial Zone, Hengxi Town, HangZhou, 3km away from Xihu (West Lake) Dis.qian Lake. It focuses on precision gear research, development, production and sales. The factory has obtained ISO9001: 2015 certificate, IATF16949:2016. The main export markets were North America, South America and Europe. Products can be customized and mainly includes: New Energy Motor Shaft, Oil Pump Gear, Agricultural Machinery Gear, Transmission Gear, Electric Vehicle gear, etc. We are sincerely willing to cooperate with enterprises from all over the world. 

Equipment And Main Products

 

Certifications

 

FAQ

Q1:How is the quality of your product?
A:Our product has reliable quality,  high wear life

Q2:Customization process/work flow?
Advisory – Material selection – 2D/3D Drawing – Quotation – Payment – Production – Quality Control – Package – Delivery

Q3: What is your terms of packing?
A:Generally, we pack our goods in wooden cases, If you have special request about packing, pls negotiate with us in advance, we can pack the goods as your request.

Q4:Price?
A:We will offer competitive price after receiving your drawing

Q5:What is your terms of payment?

A:30% T/T advanced, 70% T/T before shipping

Q6:What is your terms of delivery?
A: FOB

Q7:What drawing software does your company use?
A:CAXA

Q8:Do you test all your goods before delivery?
A: Yes, we have 100% test before delivery

Q9:How about your delivery time?
A:Product can often be delivered within 40-90 days

Q10:Sample?
A:We offer paid sample.If you have sample requirements, please feel free to contact us at any time

Q11:What logistics packaging does your company use?
A:Express for urgent orders. UPS, FedEx, DHL, TNT, EMS.

Q12:Application range?
A:Automotive, medical, automation, agricultural, marine, etc.
 

Q13: How do you make our business long-term and good relationship?
A:1. We keep good quality and competitive price to ensure our customers benefit ;
   2. We respect every customer as our friend and we sincerely do business and make friends with them, 
   no matter where they come from.

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Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Samples:
US$ 50/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

customized version
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle

Are there guidelines for choosing the right axle for towing heavy loads?

When it comes to towing heavy loads, selecting the appropriate axle is crucial for ensuring safe and efficient towing performance. While the specific guidelines may vary depending on the vehicle and towing requirements, there are general considerations to keep in mind when choosing the right axle. Here’s a detailed explanation of the guidelines for selecting the right axle for towing heavy loads:

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR):

One of the primary factors to consider is the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) provided by the vehicle manufacturer. The GAWR specifies the maximum weight that an axle is designed to support safely. It is essential to ensure that the selected axle’s GAWR is sufficient to handle the anticipated weight of the loaded trailer and any additional cargo or passengers in the towing vehicle. Exceeding the GAWR can lead to axle failure, compromised handling, and safety risks.

Towing Capacity:

Check the towing capacity of your vehicle, which represents the maximum weight that the vehicle is rated to tow. The axle’s capacity should align with the towing capacity to ensure safe and efficient towing. Consider the type and size of the trailer you intend to tow, including its loaded weight, tongue weight, and any weight distribution considerations. The axle should be capable of handling the anticipated load without exceeding its capacity.

Matching Axle and Suspension:

The axle and suspension system work together to support the weight of the vehicle and the trailer being towed. It is important to ensure that the axle and suspension are properly matched to provide adequate support and stability. Consider the type of suspension (leaf springs, coil springs, air suspension) and the axle’s design (solid axle, independent suspension) to ensure compatibility and optimal towing performance.

Braking System:

When towing heavy loads, the braking system plays a critical role in maintaining control and safety. Ensure that the axle is equipped with appropriate brakes that can handle the increased load. Consider the type of brakes, such as electric brakes or hydraulic brakes, and their capacity to provide sufficient stopping power for the combined weight of the towing vehicle and trailer.

Weight Distribution:

Proper weight distribution is essential for safe towing. The axle should be selected based on the anticipated weight distribution between the towing vehicle and the trailer. Consider factors like tongue weight and the use of weight distribution hitches or sway control devices to ensure balanced weight distribution and optimal handling characteristics.

Consult Manufacturer Recommendations:

Always refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, specifications, and guidelines when selecting an axle for towing heavy loads. The manufacturer’s guidelines will provide accurate and vehicle-specific information to help you make the right choice. Consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer directly for any specific towing-related recommendations.

It’s important to note that towing requirements and axle specifications can vary depending on the vehicle make and model, as well as regional regulations. It is advisable to consult with automotive experts, such as mechanics or dealerships, who have expertise in towing and can provide specific recommendations based on your vehicle and towing needs.

axle

What are the symptoms of a failing CV joint, and how does it relate to the axle?

A CV (constant velocity) joint is an essential component of the axle assembly in many vehicles. When a CV joint starts to fail, it can exhibit several symptoms that indicate potential problems. Here’s a detailed explanation of the symptoms of a failing CV joint and its relationship to the axle:

Symptoms of a Failing CV Joint:

1. Clicking or popping sounds: One of the most common signs of a failing CV joint is a clicking or popping sound when making turns. This noise usually occurs during tight turns and may indicate worn-out or damaged CV joint bearings.

2. Grease leakage: A failing CV joint may leak grease, which can be seen as dark-colored grease splattered around the CV joint or on the inside of the wheel. Grease leakage is typically caused by a cracked or damaged CV joint boot, which allows the lubricating grease to escape and contaminants to enter.

3. Excessive vibration: A worn-out CV joint can cause vibrations, especially during acceleration. The vibrations may be felt in the steering wheel, floorboards, or even the entire vehicle. These vibrations can become more noticeable as the CV joint deteriorates further.

4. Difficulty in turning: As the CV joint wears out, it may become difficult to turn the vehicle, especially at low speeds or when making sharp turns. This symptom is often accompanied by a clicking or popping sound.

5. Uneven tire wear: A failing CV joint can lead to uneven tire wear. If the CV joint is damaged or worn, it can cause the axle to wobble or vibrate, resulting in uneven tire tread wear. This can be observed by visually inspecting the tires and noticing uneven patterns of wear.

Relationship to the Axle:

The CV joint is an integral part of the axle assembly. It connects the transmission to the wheels and allows smooth power delivery to the wheels while accommodating the up-and-down motion of the suspension. The axle shaft is responsible for transmitting torque from the transmission to the CV joints and ultimately to the wheels.

Axles contain one or more CV joints, depending on the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration. In front-wheel drive vehicles, each front axle typically has two CV joints, one inner and one outer. Rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive vehicles may have CV joints on both the front and rear axles.

The CV joint consists of a joint housing, bearings, and internal ball bearings or rollers. It is protected by a rubber or thermoplastic CV joint boot, which seals in the grease and protects the joint from contaminants. When the CV joint fails, it can affect the axle’s ability to transmit power smoothly and result in the symptoms mentioned above.

Regular inspection and maintenance of the CV joint and axle assembly are crucial to identify and address any issues promptly. If any of the symptoms mentioned earlier are observed, it is recommended to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to determine the exact cause and perform necessary repairs or replacements.

axle

Can you explain the importance of axle alignment for vehicle stability and handling?

Axle alignment plays a crucial role in ensuring vehicle stability and handling characteristics. Proper alignment of the axles is essential for maintaining optimal tire contact with the road surface, minimizing tire wear, maximizing traction, and promoting safe and predictable handling. Here are the key reasons why axle alignment is important:

  1. Tire Wear and Longevity:
  2. Correct axle alignment helps distribute the vehicle’s weight evenly across all four tires. When the axles are properly aligned, the tires wear evenly, reducing the risk of premature tire wear and extending their lifespan. Misaligned axles can cause uneven tire wear patterns, such as excessive wear on the inner or outer edges of the tires, leading to the need for premature tire replacement.

  3. Optimal Traction:
  4. Proper axle alignment ensures that the tires maintain optimal contact with the road surface. When the axles are aligned correctly, the tires can evenly distribute the driving forces, maximizing traction and grip. This is particularly important during acceleration, braking, and cornering, as proper alignment helps prevent tire slippage and improves overall vehicle stability.

  5. Steering Response and Stability:
  6. Axle alignment directly affects steering response and stability. When the axles are properly aligned, the vehicle responds predictably to driver inputs, providing precise and accurate steering control. Misaligned axles can lead to steering inconsistencies, such as pulling to one side or requiring constant correction, compromising vehicle stability and handling.

  7. Reduced Rolling Resistance:
  8. Proper axle alignment helps reduce rolling resistance, which is the force required to move the vehicle forward. When the axles are aligned correctly, the tires roll smoothly and effortlessly, minimizing energy loss due to friction. This can contribute to improved fuel efficiency and reduced operating costs.

  9. Vehicle Safety:
  10. Correct axle alignment is crucial for ensuring vehicle safety. Misaligned axles can affect the vehicle’s stability, especially during emergency maneuvers or sudden lane changes. Proper alignment helps maintain the intended handling characteristics of the vehicle, reducing the risk of loss of control and improving overall safety.

To achieve proper axle alignment, several key parameters are considered, including camber, toe, and caster angles. Camber refers to the vertical tilt of the wheel when viewed from the front, toe refers to the angle of the wheels in relation to each other when viewed from above, and caster refers to the angle of the steering axis in relation to vertical when viewed from the side. These alignment angles are adjusted to meet the vehicle manufacturer’s specifications and ensure optimal performance.

It’s important to note that factors such as road conditions, driving habits, and vehicle modifications can affect axle alignment over time. Regular maintenance and periodic alignment checks are recommended to ensure that the axles remain properly aligned, promoting vehicle stability, handling, and safety.

China Professional Starter CNC Machining of Driving Gear Mechanical Parts for Agricultural Machinery New Energy Motor Shaft 7alloy Steel Drive Shaft Rigid Axle with ISO9001   boat trailer axleChina Professional Starter CNC Machining of Driving Gear Mechanical Parts for Agricultural Machinery New Energy Motor Shaft 7alloy Steel Drive Shaft Rigid Axle with ISO9001   boat trailer axle
editor by CX 2024-04-08

China Standard 5mm Factory Hard Chrome Stainless Steel Linear Shaft Axle for Bearing Machinery electric rear axle kit

Product Description

Company Profile

 

UP GOLD Automation Technology Co., LTD., independent brand, NYZ and UP. The main products are linear CZPT rail, slider, ball screw, linear optical shaft, linear bearing, machine tool spindle special P4 high precision bearings and accessories, with advanced production equipment and testing instruments to ensure the accuracy of each product. Precision products will provide higher value to the equipment. The company promises to sell each product, warranty period of 24 months, 24 hours after-sales service. Provide professional OEM cooperation model. At the same time, the company agents international first-line brands HIWIN, TBI, NSK,THK. Sufficient resources to ensure every customer needs.

Our Advantages

*Two-year warranty, replace instead of repair.
*12 Months Warranty
*Fast Delivery
*24 hours on line service
*Professional Team
 

Product Description

Linear shafts are metal rods made of C1045 Induction Hardened and Hard Chrome plated.The rods bear rigorous tactics like pilling, straightening, hardening, grinding, polishing, tough chrome plating and ending underneath the supervision of skilled engineers. Different from the Hard Chrome Plated Piston Rods, the floor hardness of the Induction Hardened Chrome Rods is excessive up to HRC58-62 by way of high-frequency induction harden technique. Linear shafts are normally used as information rail or slide rail matching with Linearing Bearings due to the fact of the floor excessive durability, abrasion resistance, longer working lifestyles and dimensional accuracy.

Product Name
 
High Precision NYZ Brand Linear Optical Shaft
Model Number
 
SFC5
Size
 
5m
Feature
 

1.High performance

2.High rigidity

3.High power
4.Durability

  5.Easy maintenance

Precision
 
High Precision
 
Material
 
Chrome Steel GCr15
 
Delivery Time
 
1) 1-5 Workdays for Samples or in Stock
2) 10-30 Working Days for Ordering
 

 

Customer Comment

Packaging & Shipping

Bearing packaging mode
01 Industrial packaging
Plastic tube + Carton + Pallet
02 Commercial packaging
Plastic bag + Kraft paper+ Carton+ Pallet
03 Original packing+ pallet

Mode Of Transportation

Air freight
Less than 45 KGS,we will send by express.
(Door to Door,Convenient)

Land transportation
Between 45- 150 KGS, we will send by air transport.
(Fastest and safest, but expensive)

Railway
More than 150 KGS,we will send by sea.

Shipping
According to the requirement of customer.

FAQ

Q: What is the producing process?
A: Production process including raw material cutting, machine processing,grinding, accessories cleaning, assemble, cleaning, oil coating,cover pressing, testing, package.
Q: How to control the products quality?
A: Combining advanced equipment and strict management, we provide high standard and quality bearings for our customers all over the world.
Q: What is the transportation?
A: If small quantity, we suggest to send by express, such as DHL, UPS,TNT FEDEX. If large amount, by air or sea shipping.
Q: How about the shipping charge?
A: We will be free of domestic shipping charge from your freight forwarder in China.
Q: Can you provide OEM service?
A: Yes, we provide OEM service. Which means size, quantity, design,packing solution, etc will depend on your requests; and your logo will be customized on our products.
Q: Could you tell me the delivery time of your goods?
A: Generally it is 3-5 days if the goods are in stock. or it is 15-20 days if the goods are not in stock, it is according to the quantity.
Q: What about the packaging of your products?
A: Normally we use standard commercial package, we also have our own brand packing or customized package as per customers’ requests.
 

/* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle

Where can I buy axle seals for preventing fluid leaks in my vehicle’s axles?

When it comes to purchasing axle seals to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles, there are several options available. Here are some places where you can buy axle seals:

1. Automotive Parts Stores:

Visit local automotive parts stores such as AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, O’Reilly Auto Parts, or NAPA Auto Parts. These stores typically have a wide range of automotive seals, including axle seals, in stock. You can either visit the physical store or check their online catalogs to find the specific axle seal you need for your vehicle.

2. Dealerships:

If you prefer to purchase genuine OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) axle seals, consider visiting a dealership authorized by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Dealerships often carry original parts that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of axle seals for your vehicle.

3. Online Retailers:

Online retailers like Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer a wide range of automotive parts, including axle seals. These platforms provide the convenience of browsing and purchasing axle seals from the comfort of your home. Make sure to check the product details, specifications, and customer reviews before making a purchase.

4. Local Mechanics and Repair Shops:

Local mechanics and repair shops often have access to a variety of automotive seals, including axle seals. They can source and install the appropriate seals for your vehicle during maintenance or repair services. Reach out to trusted local mechanics or repair shops in your area and inquire about their availability and pricing for axle seals.

5. Manufacturer’s Online Stores:

Some vehicle manufacturers have their own online stores where you can purchase genuine OEM parts, including axle seals. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their online parts store. You can search for the specific axle seal needed for your vehicle using your vehicle identification number (VIN) or the model details.

6. Salvage Yards:

If you are looking for cost-effective options or rare axle seals, salvage yards can be an option. Salvage yards specialize in selling used parts salvaged from vehicles. However, when purchasing from salvage yards, it’s important to carefully inspect the condition and compatibility of the axle seals to ensure they are suitable for your vehicle.

When purchasing axle seals, make sure to provide accurate information about your vehicle’s make, model, and year to ensure you get the correct seals that fit your vehicle’s axle specifications. Additionally, consider factors such as the quality of the seals, warranty options, and return policies when making your purchase decision.

Remember, if you are unsure about the specific axle seals required for your vehicle or need assistance with installation, it is recommended to consult with a qualified mechanic or technician who can guide you in selecting the right seals and ensure proper installation to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles.

axle

What is the difference between front and rear axles in a typical vehicle?

In a typical vehicle, there are distinct differences between the front and rear axles due to their respective roles and functions. Here are the key differences:

  1. Position:
  2. The main difference between the front and rear axles is their position in the vehicle. The front axle is located in the front of the vehicle, while the rear axle is positioned at the rear. This positioning is determined by the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration.

  3. Steering:
  4. The front axle is responsible for steering the vehicle. It is connected to the steering system, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. The front axle typically includes components such as steering knuckles, tie rods, and steering linkages.

  5. Driving:
  6. The rear axle is primarily responsible for driving the vehicle’s wheels. It receives power from the engine through the transmission or differential and transfers that power to the rear wheels. The rear axle may include components such as axle shafts, differential gears, and wheel hubs.

  7. Suspension:
  8. Both the front and rear axles play a role in the vehicle’s suspension system, but their configurations and functions differ. The front axle typically incorporates suspension components such as control arms, struts, or independent suspension systems to provide better handling, stability, and ride comfort. The rear axle may have a solid axle setup or independent suspension depending on the vehicle’s design.

  9. Load Distribution:
  10. The load distribution on the front and rear axles varies. In a typical vehicle, the front axle carries the weight of the engine, transmission, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight due to the front-end weight bias. The rear axle bears the weight of the vehicle’s occupants, cargo, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight. This distribution helps maintain proper balance and stability during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

  11. Driving Characteristics:
  12. The differences between the front and rear axles can influence the vehicle’s driving characteristics. The front axle’s role in steering affects the vehicle’s maneuverability and responsiveness. The rear axle’s responsibility for driving the wheels affects traction, acceleration, and stability, particularly in rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive vehicles.

It’s important to note that the specific configurations and characteristics of front and rear axles can vary depending on the vehicle’s make, model, and drivetrain system. Different types of vehicles, such as front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, or all-wheel drive, may have variations in axle design and functionality.

Understanding the differences between the front and rear axles is essential for proper maintenance, repairs, and modifications of the vehicle’s drivetrain and suspension systems. If you have specific questions about your vehicle’s axles, it’s recommended to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from qualified mechanics or automotive professionals.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China Standard 5mm Factory Hard Chrome Stainless Steel Linear Shaft Axle for Bearing Machinery   electric rear axle kitChina Standard 5mm Factory Hard Chrome Stainless Steel Linear Shaft Axle for Bearing Machinery   electric rear axle kit
editor by CX 2024-02-04

China factory W51.5 L=870 Cross Joint Shaft for Oil Engine Used in Oil Drilling Rig Machinery wholesaler

Product Description

W51.5 L=870 Cross Joint Shaft For oil engine used in oil drilling rig machinery

Product Description
 

structure Type A Flexible or Rigid Rigid Standard or Nonstandard Nonstandard
Material Alloy steel Brand name HangZhou XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. Place of origin ZheJiang ,China
Model W51.5 L=870 Raw materials heat treatment Length 870mm
Flange DIA 225mm Nominal torque depend on model coating heavy duty industrial paint
Paint clour customization Application Oil drilling rig equipment OEM/ODM Available
Certification ISO,TUV,SGS Price calculate according to model Custom service Available

Packaging & Delivery

Packaging details:Standard plywood case

Delivery detail: 15 -20 working days,depend on the actual produce condition

FAQ

Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We  are  a  professional  manufacturer specializing  in  manufacturing cardan  shafts. We supply cardan shafts for the wholesalers , dealers  and end-users from different countries. 
 
Q: Can you do OEM? And what is your min order ?
A: Yes, absolutely. Generally, min order is1 set.  Most of our products are Customized. Each order from our factory, we always produce cardan shaft after customer confirmed the drawing. So we didn’t have stock.
 
Q: How does your factory do regarding quality control?
A:Quality is priority! We always attach great importance to quality controlling from the very beginning to the  end:
1) Firstly, we have QC department to control the quality
2) Secondly, we have all detailed records for nonconformity products, then we will make summary according to these records, avoid it happen again.
3) Thirdly,In order to meet world-class quality standards strict requirements, we passed the SGS, TUV product certification.
4)Fourthly,Have first-class production equipment, including CNC Machines and machining center.
 

 

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

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China Custom Shaft of Industry for Rubber and Plastic Machinery with Free Design Custom

Product Description

SWC Series-Medium-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg); 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg); 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg); 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg); 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg); 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m); 16 22.;4 31.;5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m); 8 11.;2 16 20 31.;5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°); 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9); 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.;0 7.;0 9.;0 9.;0 12.;5 12.;5 12.;5 15.;0 16.;0 18.;0 20.;0 22.;5 22.;5 25
  MI(Kg); 2.;57 3 3.;85 3.;85 5.;17 6 6.;75 8.;25 10.;6 13 18.;50 23.;75 29.;12 38.;08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm); 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1.; Notations:; 
L=Standard length,; or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn);; 
TF=Fatigue torque,; I.; E.; Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2.; Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3.; Please consult us for customizations regarding length,; length compensation and
Flange connections.; 
(DIN or SAT etc.; );
 

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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China Custom Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft/Universal Joint for Petroleum Machinery and Equipment near me manufacturer

Product Description

SWC Series-Medium-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg) 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg) 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg) 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m) 16 22.4 31.5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m) 8 11.2 16 20 31.5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9) 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 22.5 22.5 25
  MI(Kg) 2.57 3 3.85 3.85 5.17 6 6.75 8.25 10.6 13 18.50 23.75 29.12 38.08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm) 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

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China manufacturer Cardan Shaft for Industrial Machinery and Industrial Equipments with Great quality

Product Description

SWCZ Series-Heavy-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Size of SWCZ Series Universal Joint Couplings

 

Type Design
Data
Item
SWCZ
  680
SWCZ
 700
SWCZ
  750
SWCZ
  780
SWCZ
 800
SWCZ
 840
SWCZ
 900
SWCZ
  920
SWCZ
 1000
SWCZ
1050
SWCZ
1100
SWCZ
1200
C L 1540 1600 1840 1920 1920 2120 2280 2280 2380 2480 2500 2720
m(kg) 3150 3450 4300 4680 5050 6400 8420 8950 10600 12100 13500 16900
D L 1940 2100 2400 2500 2500 2680 2950 2950 3130 3200 3300 3570
m(kg) 3220 3530 4500 5400 5800 7470 9980 10500 12300 14500 15800 19500
E L 3230 3460 3620 4000 4000 4250 4580 4850 4770 4950 5100 5660
LV 250 250 250 250 250 250 300 300 300 300 300 300
m(kg) 4880 5400 8000 8450 9070 11800 15900 16500 19900 22000 27500 34800
  Tn(N·m) 1640 1750 2250 2500 2670 3100 3800 4050 5200 6500 6900 9000
  Tf(N·m) 980 1050 1350 1500 1600 1860 2280 2430 3120 3900 4140 5400
  β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 680 700 750 780 800 840 900 920 1000 1060 1100 1200
  Df 680 700 750 780 800 840 900 920 1000 1060 1100 1200
  D1 635 635 695 725 745 775 935 855 915 920 1015 1100
  D2(H9) 550 570 610 640 660 710 740 760 840 900 920 1000
  D3 560 560 620 660 660 660 750 750 790 800 850 900
  Lm 385 400 480 480 480 530 570 570 595 620 625 680
  k 70 70 95 95 95 110 120 120 130 130 130 130
  n 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 20 20 20
  d 26 26 31 31 36 38 38 38 50 45 50 58
  Flange bolt M24 M24 M30 M30 M30 M36 M36 M36 M48 M42 M48 M56

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )
 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China manufacturer Cardan Shaft for Industrial Machinery and Industrial Equipments     with Great qualityChina manufacturer Cardan Shaft for Industrial Machinery and Industrial Equipments     with Great quality

China Custom Heavy Load Carrying Capacity Precision Lengthen Type 25mm Width Ball Spline for CNC Machinery near me shop

Product Description

Product description
The spline is a kind of linear motion system. When spline motions along the precision ground Shaft by balls, the torque is transferred. The spline has compact structure. It can transfer the Over load and motive power. It has longer lifetime. At present the factory manufacture 2 kinds of spline, namely convex spline and concave spline. Usually the convex spline can take bigger radial load and torque than concave spline.
 

Product name Ball spline
Model GJZ,GJZA,GJF,GJH,GJZG,GJFG,
Dia 15mm-150mm
Material Bearing Steel
Precision Class Normal/ High/ Precise
Package Plastic bag, box, carton
MOQ 1pc

Specifications
Ball type:φ16-φ250
High speed , high accuracy
Heavy load , long life
Flexible movement,low energy consumption
High movement speed
Heavy load and long service life
Applicationgs:semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment

Company profile

HangZhou YIGONG has a full performance laboratory of rolling functional components, high-speed ball screw pair 60m/min running noise 70dB, high-speed rolling linear CZPT pair 60m/min running noise 68dB, for precision horizontal machining center batch matching ball screw pair, rolling CZPT pair, to achieve each axis fast moving speed 40m/min, positioning accuracy 0.002mm, repeated positioning accuracy 0.001mm. Our equipments import from Japan and Germany and so on.

FAQ

Why choose AZI China?
With more than 60 years of production experience, quality assurance,factory directly price.

How can I get a sample to check the quality?
We quote according to your drawing, the price is suitable, sign the sample list.
 
What is your main products ? 
Our Main products are consist of ball screw,linear guide,arc linear guide,ball spline and ball screw linear CZPT rail module.

 

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Custom Heavy Load Carrying Capacity Precision Lengthen Type 25mm Width Ball Spline for CNC Machinery     near me shop China Custom Heavy Load Carrying Capacity Precision Lengthen Type 25mm Width Ball Spline for CNC Machinery     near me shop

China Best Sales Hot Selling Farm Machinery Dq1304A 1430HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor for Farming Work with Good quality

Product Description

Hot selling Farm machinery DQ1304A 1430HP 4×4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor for farming work

Tractor Main Features and Advantages:
1.Equipped famous brand engine showing advanced capacity,low fuel consumption,high economic efficiency.
2. Streamlined appearance design, beautiful and generous.
3.Transmission Case adopt meshed shift and add the gearbox interlock device makes the operation more smoothly,reliable and easier.
4. Double action clutch with disc spring, perform steadily and easy to operate.
5. Fully hydraulic steering system greatly reduced driver’s work strength.
6. Wet disc brake device, reliable brake performance.
7. Separate injection of hydraulic oil, reliable to operate.
8. The lifter with force and position adjustment, with reliable lift.
9. Tractor PTO:
PTO in Double speed : 540/760r/min Optional, For high working efficiency.
PTO shaft of 6 or 8 spline Optional, adaptable for agricultural equipment of all over the world.
10. Big Chassis and Heavy-duty Rear axle for Durable Strong machine.
11. Full series light, ROPS,Sunshade/Canopy, Fan/Heater/Air-conditioned cabin are all available, for more comfortable driving environment. 

Tractor Main specificaiton and Technical parameters:

Model  DQ1304A
Drive type  4×4, 4WD
Engine 
Engine brand and model  YTO brand, 6 cylinder diesel engine Model LR6M5-23
Type In-line, direct injection,Water cooling, 4 stroke,6-cylinder
Engine power (kw)   95.6kw/130HP
Displacement(L) 7.7
Rated speed (r/min) 2300
Lowest fuel consumption (g/kw·h) ≤242
Cylinder·Bore·Stroke 6-110×135
Fuel tank capacity (L) 250.1
Transmission 
Clutch  USA Imported JpV brand, 13 inch Dry,dual-stage type
PTO Speed (rpm)  540/1000 or 760/1000(optional)
Gearshift  16F+8R/8F+8R
Hydraulic system 
Hydraulic output valve  2-Group (optional)
Steering type Full Hydraulic steering
Three point linkage 
Category of 3-point link Rear,Category II
Max. Lifting capacity@610mm point (KN)   >16
Technical parameter 
Dimension LxWxH mm  4593x2050x2810
Wheel base(mm) 2195
Track base(mm) front wheel 1610
Track base(mm) rear wheel 1620-2571 (usual 1620) (adjustable )
The smallest clearance(mm) 379
Front tyre  12.4-24 (Optional 13.6-24)
Rear tyre  16.9-34 (Optional 18.4-30)
Front Ballast 220kg (11 pcs, 40kg/pcs)
Rear Ballast 180kg ( standard 1 lays/ side, Max 3 lays/side))
Optional Configurations
Common cabin with Fan; Heater cabin; AC cabin; ROPS; Canopy (Sunshade); 8F+8R shuttle gearshift, 2-Group Hydraulic output valve; Front bumper, Front ballast, Rear ballast; Paddy tire, Air brake, Swing draw bar
Loading Quantity/40HC 3 Sets in Nude packing for CBU shipping

DQ1304A 130HP 4WD Tractror details :



DQ1304A 130HP 4WD Tractor have different configurations for you choose:

Advance Manufacutring Line :

Strictly Inspecting and Full Testing for ensuring high quality product:

Tractor Packing, Loading container and  Delivering goods to Customers :

 

Best price will be quoted for you as soon as receive your Requirement !

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Best Sales Hot Selling Farm Machinery Dq1304A 1430HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor for Farming Work     with Good qualityChina Best Sales Hot Selling Farm Machinery Dq1304A 1430HP 4X4 4WD Agricultural Wheel Farm Tractor for Farming Work     with Good quality

China Custom Transmission Shaft for Printing Machinery 02s01 70 with Good quality

Product Description

These are shafts for printing machinery , high quality product manufactured by qualified capable machines and controlled under ISO9001 procedures .

Part NO. Customized part , part NO according buyer’s series NO or specification
Material Carbon Steel , Alloy steel , 
Heat Treatment Quenching , carburization , nitriding or according buyer’s specification
Precision IT4-IT10
   

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China Custom Transmission Shaft for Printing Machinery 02s01 70     with Good qualityChina Custom Transmission Shaft for Printing Machinery 02s01 70     with Good quality

China supplier High Rigidity Linear Motion Parts Electric Machinery Linear Ball Spline with high quality

Product Description

Product Description

The spline is a kind of linear motion system. When spline motions along the precision ground Shaft by balls, the torque is transferred. The spline has compact structure. It can transfer the Over load and motive power. It has longer lifetime. At present the factory manufacture 2 kinds of spline, namely convex spline and concave spline. Usually the convex spline can take bigger radial load and torque than concave spline.
 

Product name Ball spline
Model GJZ,GJZA,GJF,GJH,GJZG,GJFG,
Dia 15mm-150mm
Material Bearing Steel
Precision Class Normal/ High/ Precise
Package Plastic bag, box, carton
MOQ 1pc

Ball type:φ16-φ250
High speed , high accuracy
Heavy load , long life
Flexible movement,low energy consumption
High movement speed
Heavy load and long service life
Applicationgs:semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment

Product Parameters

Structure

Scope of application

Semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment.

FFZ size

Code and type Nominal axial dia.
d0
External dia.
D
Length of spline nut
L1
Max. length of shaft
L
Standard rated torque Basic rated load
Dynamic torsion
N-m
Stationary torsion 
N-m
Dynamic load
C kN
Static load
C0 kN
GJZG16 / GJFG16 16 31 50 500 32 30 7.5 15.6
GJZG20 / GJFG20 20 35 63 600 55 55 10.1 24.7
GJZG25 / GJFG25 25 42 71 800 103 105 13.7 30.1
GJZG30 / GJFG30 30 48 80 1400 148 171 17.1 37.1
GJZG40 / GJFG40 40 64 100 1500 375 415 32.1 70.2
GJZG50 / GJFG50 50 80 125 1500 760 840 49.4 104.9
GJZG60 / GJFG60 60 90 140 1500 1040 1220 64.2 128.2
GJZG80 / GJFG80 80 120 160 1700 1920 2310 87.3 170.7
GJZG100/ GJFG100 100 150 190 1900 3571 3730 109.9 222
GJZG120 / GJFG120 120 180 220 1900 4100 5200 176.5 347

 If you have any needs,pls feel free to contact us and we will send you our catalog for reference.

Main Products

Company Profile

Customer Feedback

FAQ

1. Why choose AZI China?
With more than 60 years of production experience, quality assurance,factory directly price.

2. What is your main products ? 
Our Main products are consist of ball screw,linear guide,arc linear guide,ball spline and ball screw linear CZPT rail module.

3. How to Custom-made (OEM/ODM)?
If you have a product drawing or a sample, please send to us, and we can custom-made the as your required. We will also provide our professional advices of the products to make the design to be more realized & maximize the performance.

4. When can I get the quotation?
We usually quote within 24 hours after we get your inquiry. If you are very urgent to get the price,please call us or tell us in your email so that we will regard your inquiry priority.

5. How can I get a sample to check the quality?
We quote according to your drawing, the price is suitable, sign the sample list.

6Whats your payment terms?
Our payment terms is 30% deposit,balance against receiving copy of B/L or L/C sight.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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