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China supplier High Rigidity Linear Motion Parts Electric Machinery Linear Ball Spline with high quality

Product Description

Product Description

The spline is a kind of linear motion system. When spline motions along the precision ground Shaft by balls, the torque is transferred. The spline has compact structure. It can transfer the Over load and motive power. It has longer lifetime. At present the factory manufacture 2 kinds of spline, namely convex spline and concave spline. Usually the convex spline can take bigger radial load and torque than concave spline.
 

Product name Ball spline
Model GJZ,GJZA,GJF,GJH,GJZG,GJFG,
Dia 15mm-150mm
Material Bearing Steel
Precision Class Normal/ High/ Precise
Package Plastic bag, box, carton
MOQ 1pc

Ball type:φ16-φ250
High speed , high accuracy
Heavy load , long life
Flexible movement,low energy consumption
High movement speed
Heavy load and long service life
Applicationgs:semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment

Product Parameters

Structure

Scope of application

Semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment.

FFZ size

Code and type Nominal axial dia.
d0
External dia.
D
Length of spline nut
L1
Max. length of shaft
L
Standard rated torque Basic rated load
Dynamic torsion
N-m
Stationary torsion 
N-m
Dynamic load
C kN
Static load
C0 kN
GJZG16 / GJFG16 16 31 50 500 32 30 7.5 15.6
GJZG20 / GJFG20 20 35 63 600 55 55 10.1 24.7
GJZG25 / GJFG25 25 42 71 800 103 105 13.7 30.1
GJZG30 / GJFG30 30 48 80 1400 148 171 17.1 37.1
GJZG40 / GJFG40 40 64 100 1500 375 415 32.1 70.2
GJZG50 / GJFG50 50 80 125 1500 760 840 49.4 104.9
GJZG60 / GJFG60 60 90 140 1500 1040 1220 64.2 128.2
GJZG80 / GJFG80 80 120 160 1700 1920 2310 87.3 170.7
GJZG100/ GJFG100 100 150 190 1900 3571 3730 109.9 222
GJZG120 / GJFG120 120 180 220 1900 4100 5200 176.5 347

 If you have any needs,pls feel free to contact us and we will send you our catalog for reference.

Main Products

Company Profile

Customer Feedback

FAQ

1. Why choose AZI China?
With more than 60 years of production experience, quality assurance,factory directly price.

2. What is your main products ? 
Our Main products are consist of ball screw,linear guide,arc linear guide,ball spline and ball screw linear CZPT rail module.

3. How to Custom-made (OEM/ODM)?
If you have a product drawing or a sample, please send to us, and we can custom-made the as your required. We will also provide our professional advices of the products to make the design to be more realized & maximize the performance.

4. When can I get the quotation?
We usually quote within 24 hours after we get your inquiry. If you are very urgent to get the price,please call us or tell us in your email so that we will regard your inquiry priority.

5. How can I get a sample to check the quality?
We quote according to your drawing, the price is suitable, sign the sample list.

6Whats your payment terms?
Our payment terms is 30% deposit,balance against receiving copy of B/L or L/C sight.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China supplier High Rigidity Linear Motion Parts Electric Machinery Linear Ball Spline     with high qualityChina supplier High Rigidity Linear Motion Parts Electric Machinery Linear Ball Spline     with high quality

China supplier Factory Directly High-Efficiency Solid Spline Shafts Ball Spline for Tyre Machinery with Hot selling

Product Description

Product Description

The spline is a kind of linear motion system. When spline motions along the precision ground Shaft by balls, the torque is transferred. The spline has compact structure. It can transfer the Over load and motive power. It has longer lifetime. At present the factory manufacture 2 kinds of spline, namely convex spline and concave spline. Usually the convex spline can take bigger radial load and torque than concave spline.
 

Product name Ball spline
Model GJZ,GJZA,GJF,GJH,GJZG,GJFG,
Dia 15mm-150mm
Material Bearing Steel
Precision Class Normal/ High/ Precise
Package Plastic bag, box, carton
MOQ 1pc

Ball type:φ16-φ250
High speed , high accuracy
Heavy load , long life
Flexible movement,low energy consumption
High movement speed
Heavy load and long service life
Applicationgs:semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment

Detailed Photos

 

Product Parameters

Structure

Scope of application

Semiconductor equipment,tire machinery,monocrystalline silicon furnace,medical rehabilitation equipment.

FFZ size

Code and type Nominal axial dia.
d0
External dia.
D
Length of spline nut
L1
Max. length of shaft
L
Standard rated torque Basic rated load
Dynamic torsion
N-m
Stationary torsion 
N-m
Dynamic load
C kN
Static load
C0 kN
GJZ15 / GJF15 15 23 40 400 27.8 65.2 3.9 8.1
GJZ20 / GJF20 20 30 50 600 62.3 135.2 6.6 12.7
GJZ25 / GJF25 25 38 60 800 127.3 268.3 10.9 20.2
GJZ30 / GJF30 30 45 70 1400 155.7 318.7 11.1 20
GJZ32 / GJF32 32 48 70 1400 236.4 459.9 15.8 27.1
GJZ40 / GJF40 40 60/57 90 1500 548 1081.9 29.3 50.9
GJZ50 / GJF50 50 75/70 100 1500 880.6 1711.6 37.7 64.5
GJF60 60 85 127 1500 2135.9 4172.9 76.2 131.1
GJZ70 / GJF70 70 100 110/135 1700 2788/3153.4 4141.1 76.1 111.5/156.1
GJZ85 / GJF85 85 120 140/155 1900 3978/4437.2 6927.4 100.2 153.6/179.2
GJZ100 / GJF100 100 140/135 160 1900 6905.9 11737.2 147.9 221.3

 If you have any needs,pls feel free to contact us and we will send you our catalog for reference.

Main Products

Company Profile

Customer Feedback

FAQ

1. Why choose AZI China?
With more than 60 years of production experience, quality assurance,factory directly price.

2. What is your main products ? 
Our Main products are consist of ball screw,linear guide,arc linear guide,ball spline and ball screw linear CZPT rail module.

3. How to Custom-made (OEM/ODM)?
If you have a product drawing or a sample, please send to us, and we can custom-made the as your required. We will also provide our professional advices of the products to make the design to be more realized & maximize the performance.

4. When can I get the quotation?
We usually quote within 24 hours after we get your inquiry. If you are very urgent to get the price,please call us or tell us in your email so that we will regard your inquiry priority.

5. How can I get a sample to check the quality?
We quote according to your drawing, the price is suitable, sign the sample list.

6Whats your payment terms?
Our payment terms is 30% deposit,balance against receiving copy of B/L or L/C sight.

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China supplier Factory Directly High-Efficiency Solid Spline Shafts Ball Spline for Tyre Machinery     with Hot sellingChina supplier Factory Directly High-Efficiency Solid Spline Shafts Ball Spline for Tyre Machinery     with Hot selling