Tag Archives: swc cardan shaft

China Standard SWC Medium-Size Series Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft with Free Design Custom

Product Description

SWC Medium-Size Series Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft
Brief Introduction
Our company has focused on cardan shafts of Papermaking equipments for almost 15 years, we can also be customized according to customer requirements. High precision and flexible joints, long service life, perfect after-sales service and so on are our highlight features.

Processing flow

Applications
  
                                                                                                                                                                 

Quality Control                                                                                                                                                                                                

       
      

Designs
Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg) 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg) 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg) 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m) 16 22.4 31.5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m) 8 11.2 16 20 31.5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9) 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 22.5 22.5 25
  MI(Kg) 2.57 3 3.85 3.85 5.17 6 6.75 8.25 10.6 13 18.50 23.75 29.12 38.08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm) 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

Packaging & Delivery

Packaging details:Standard plywood case

Delivery detail: 15 -20 working days,depend on the actual produce condition

FAQ

Q1: What is the location of your company?

A1: Our company is located in the HangZhou City ,ZheJiang ,China.Welcome to visit our factory at anytime!

Q2: How does your factory do regarding quality control?

A2: Our standard QC system to control quality.

Q3: What is your delivery time?

A3: Usually within 25 days after the receipt of payment.Delivery time must depend on the actual produce condition.

Q4: What are your strengths?

A4: 1.We are the manufacturer,having competitive advantage in price.

2.A large part of money is put into advancing CNC equipments and productR&D department annual,the performance of cardan shaft can be guaranteed.

3.About quality issues or follow-up after-sales service,we report directly to the boss.

4.We have the ambitions to exploring and developing the world’s cardan shaft market and we believe we can.

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China Standard SWC Medium-Size Series Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft     with Free Design CustomChina Standard SWC Medium-Size Series Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft     with Free Design Custom

China wholesaler SWC Heavy Duty Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft near me manufacturer

Product Description

SWCZ Series-Heavy-Duty Designs Cardan shaft
Brief Introduction
HangZhou  Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Cardanshaft Co.,LTD  is a leading  professional manufacturer of cardan shafts in China. It is located in HangZhou ,ZheJiang Province. Our company has focused on the research and development , design and manufacture with different kinds of cardan shafts for almost 15 years.
Our producted cardan shafts are widely used in domestic large steel enterprises, such as ZheJiang Baosteel, HangZhou Iron and Steel Corporation, HangZhou Steel Corp and other domestic large-scale iron and steel enterprises.Now more products are exported to Europe, North America and Southeast Asia and other regions.
Our cardan shafts can be used to resist vibration and impact in the harsh environment of steel rolling, and the service life of cardan shafts is longer. We can also customize the special connection modes of cardan shafts in accordance of customers’ requirements .High precision, flexible joints, easy installation, perfect after-sales service and so on are highlight features of our products.  
 


Processing flow

Applications
  
                                                                                                       

Designs

Data and Size of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings
 

Type Design
Data
Item
SWCZ
  680
SWCZ
 700
SWCZ
  750
SWCZ
  780
SWCZ
 800
SWCZ
 840
SWCZ
 900
SWCZ
  920
SWCZ
 1000
SWCZ
1050
SWCZ
1100
SWCZ
1200
C L 1540 1600 1840 1920 1920 2120 2280 2280 2380 2480 2500 2720
m(kg) 3150 3450 4300 4680 5050 6400 8420 8950 10600 12100 13500 16900
D L 1940 2100 2400 2500 2500 2680 2950 2950 3130 3200 3300 3570
m(kg) 3220 3530 4500 5400 5800 7470 9980 10500 12300 14500 15800 19500
E L 3230 3460 3620 4000 4000 4250 4580 4850 4770 4950 5100 5660
LV 250 250 250 250 250 250 300 300 300 300 300 300
m(kg) 4880 5400 8000 8450 9070 11800 15900 16500 19900 22000 27500 34800
  Tn(N·m) 1640 1750 2250 2500 2670 3100 3800 4050 5200 6500 6900 9000
  Tf(N·m) 980 1050 1350 1500 1600 1860 2280 2430 3120 3900 4140 5400
  β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 680 700 750 780 800 840 900 920 1000 1060 1100 1200
  Df 680 700 750 780 800 840 900 920 1000 1060 1100 1200
  D1 635 635 695 725 745 775 935 855 915 920 1015 1100
  D2(H9) 550 570 610 640 660 710 740 760 840 900 920 1000
  D3 560 560 620 660 660 660 750 750 790 800 850 900
  Lm 385 400 480 480 480 530 570 570 595 620 625 680
  k 70 70 95 95 95 110 120 120 130 130 130 130
  n 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 20 20 20
  d 26 26 31 31 36 38 38 38 50 45 50 58
  Flange bolt M24 M24 M30 M30 M30 M36 M36 M36 M48 M42 M48 M56

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

Packaging & Delivery

Packaging details:Standard plywood case

Delivery detail: 15 -20 working days,depend on the actual produce condition


 

FAQ

Q1: What is the location of your company?

A1: Our company is located in the HangZhou City ,ZheJiang ,China.Welcome to visit our factory at anytime!

Q2: How does your factory do regarding quality control?

A2: Our standard QC system to control quality.

Q3: What is your delivery time?

A3: Usually within 25 days after the receipt of payment.Delivery time must depend on the actual produce condition.

Q4: What are your strengths?

A4: 1.We are the manufacturer,having competitive advantage in price.

2.A large part of money is put into advancing CNC equipments and product R&D department annual,the performance of cardan shaft can be guaranteed.

3.About quality issues or follow-up after-sales service,we report directly to the boss.

4.We have the ambitions to exploring and developing the world’s cardan shaft market and we believe we can.

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China wholesaler SWC Heavy Duty Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft     near me manufacturer China wholesaler SWC Heavy Duty Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft     near me manufacturer

China supplier Industrial Cardan Shaft of SWC Heavy-Duty Series near me shop

Product Description

SWCZ Series-Heavy-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Size of SWCZ Series Universal Joint Couplings

 

Type Design
Data
Item
SWCZ
  680
SWCZ
 700
SWCZ
  750
SWCZ
  780
SWCZ
 800
SWCZ
 840
SWCZ
 900
SWCZ
  920
SWCZ
 1000
SWCZ
1050
SWCZ
1100
SWCZ
1200
C L 1540 1600 1840 1920 1920 2120 2280 2280 2380 2480 2500 2720
m(kg) 3150 3450 4300 4680 5050 6400 8420 8950 10600 12100 13500 16900
D L 1940 2100 2400 2500 2500 2680 2950 2950 3130 3200 3300 3570
m(kg) 3220 3530 4500 5400 5800 7470 9980 10500 12300 14500 15800 19500
E L 3230 3460 3620 4000 4000 4250 4580 4850 4770 4950 5100 5660
LV 250 250 250 250 250 250 300 300 300 300 300 300
m(kg) 4880 5400 8000 8450 9070 11800 15900 16500 19900 22000 27500 34800
  Tn(N·m) 1640 1750 2250 2500 2670 3100 3800 4050 5200 6500 6900 9000
  Tf(N·m) 980 1050 1350 1500 1600 1860 2280 2430 3120 3900 4140 5400
  β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 680 700 750 780 800 840 900 920 1000 1060 1100 1200
  Df 680 700 750 780 800 840 900 920 1000 1060 1100 1200
  D1 635 635 695 725 745 775 935 855 915 920 1015 1100
  D2(H9) 550 570 610 640 660 710 740 760 840 900 920 1000
  D3 560 560 620 660 660 660 750 750 790 800 850 900
  Lm 385 400 480 480 480 530 570 570 595 620 625 680
  k 70 70 95 95 95 110 120 120 130 130 130 130
  n 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 20 20 20
  d 26 26 31 31 36 38 38 38 50 45 50 58
  Flange bolt M24 M24 M30 M30 M30 M36 M36 M36 M48 M42 M48 M56

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

The Different Types of Splines in a Splined Shaft

A splined shaft is a machine component with internal and external splines. The splines are formed in 4 different ways: Involute, Parallel, Serrated, and Ball. You can learn more about each type of spline in this article. When choosing a splined shaft, be sure to choose the right 1 for your application. Read on to learn about the different types of splines and how they affect the shaft’s performance.
splineshaft

Involute splines

Involute splines in a splined shaft are used to secure and extend mechanical assemblies. They are smooth, inwardly curving grooves that resist separation during operation. A shaft with involute splines is often longer than the shaft itself. This feature allows for more axial movement. This is beneficial for many applications, especially in a gearbox.
The involute spline is a shaped spline, similar to a parallel spline. It is angled and consists of teeth that create a spiral pattern that enables linear and rotatory motion. It is distinguished from other splines by the serrations on its flanks. It also has a flat top. It is a good option for couplers and other applications where angular movement is necessary.
Involute splines are also called involute teeth because of their shape. They are flat on the top and curved on the sides. These teeth can be either internal or external. As a result, involute splines provide greater surface contact, which helps reduce stress and fatigue. Regardless of the shape, involute splines are generally easy to machine and fit.
Involute splines are a type of splines that are used in splined shafts. These splines have different names, depending on their diameters. An example set of designations is for a 32-tooth male spline, a 2,500-tooth module, and a 30 degree pressure angle. An example of a female spline, a fillet root spline, is used to describe the diameter of the splined shaft.
The effective tooth thickness of splines is dependent on the number of keyways and the type of spline. Involute splines in splined shafts should be designed to engage 25 to 50 percent of the spline teeth during the coupling. Involute splines should be able to withstand the load without cracking.

Parallel splines

Parallel splines are formed on a splined shaft by putting 1 or more teeth into another. The male spline is positioned at the center of the female spline. The teeth of the male spline are also parallel to the shaft axis, but a common misalignment causes the splines to roll and tilt. This is common in many industrial applications, and there are a number of ways to improve the performance of splines.
Typically, parallel splines are used to reduce friction in a rotating part. The splines on a splined shaft are narrower on the end face than the interior, which makes them more prone to wear. This type of spline is used in a variety of industries, such as machinery, and it also allows for greater efficiency when transmitting torque.
Involute splines on a splined shaft are the most common. They have equally spaced teeth, and are therefore less likely to crack due to fatigue. They also tend to be easy to cut and fit. However, they are not the best type of spline. It is important to understand the difference between parallel and involute splines before deciding on which spline to use.
The difference between splined and involute splines is the size of the grooves. Involute splines are generally larger than parallel splines. These types of splines provide more torque to the gear teeth and reduce stress during operation. They are also more durable and have a longer life span. And because they are used on farm machinery, they are essential in this type of application.
splineshaft

Serrated splines

A Serrated Splined Shaft has several advantages. This type of shaft is highly adjustable. Its large number of teeth allows large torques, and its shorter tooth width allows for greater adjustment. These features make this type of shaft an ideal choice for applications where accuracy is critical. Listed below are some of the benefits of this type of shaft. These benefits are just a few of the advantages. Learn more about this type of shaft.
The process of hobbing is inexpensive and highly accurate. It is useful for external spline shafts, but is not suitable for internal splines. This type of process forms synchronized shapes on the shaft, reducing the manufacturing cycle and stabilizing the relative phase between spline and thread. It uses a grinding wheel to shape the shaft. CZPT Manufacturing has a large inventory of Serrated Splined Shafts.
The teeth of a Serrated Splined Shaft are designed to engage with the hub over the entire circumference of the shaft. The teeth of the shaft are spaced uniformly around the spline, creating a multiple-tooth point of contact over the entire length of the shaft. The results of these analyses are usually satisfactory. But there are some limitations. To begin with, the splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft should be chosen carefully. If the application requires large-scale analysis, it may be necessary to modify the design.
The splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft are also used for other purposes. They can be used to transmit torque to another device. They also act as an anti-rotational device and function as a linear guide. Both the design and the type of splines determine the function of the Splined Shaft. In the automobile industry, they are used in vehicles, aerospace, earth-moving machinery, and many other industries.

Ball splines

The invention relates to a ball-spinned shaft. The shaft comprises a plurality of balls that are arranged in a series and are operatively coupled to a load path section. The balls are capable of rolling endlessly along the path. This invention also relates to a ball bearing. Here, a ball bearing is 1 of the many types of gears. The following discussion describes the features of a ball bearing.
A ball-splined shaft assembly comprises a shaft with at least 1 ball-spline groove and a plurality of circumferential step grooves. The shaft is held in a first holding means that extends longitudinally and is rotatably held by a second holding means. Both the shaft and the first holding means are driven relative to 1 another by a first driving means. It is possible to manufacture a ball-splined shaft in a variety of ways.
A ball-splined shaft features a nut with recirculating balls. The ball-splined nut rides in these grooves to provide linear motion while preventing rotation. A splined shaft with a nut that has recirculating balls can also provide rotary motion. A ball splined shaft also has higher load capacities than a ball bushing. For these reasons, ball splines are an excellent choice for many applications.
In this invention, a pair of ball-spinned shafts are housed in a box under a carrier device 40. Each of the 2 shafts extends along a longitudinal line of arm 50. One end of each shaft is supported rotatably by a slide block 56. The slide block also has a support arm 58 that supports the center arm 50 in a cantilever fashion.
splineshaft

Sector no-go gage

A no-go gauge is a tool that checks the splined shaft for oversize. It is an effective way to determine the oversize condition of a splined shaft without removing the shaft. It measures external splines and serrations. The no-go gage is available in sizes ranging from 19mm to 130mm with a 25mm profile length.
The sector no-go gage has 2 groups of diametrally opposed teeth. The space between them is manufactured to a maximum space width and the tooth thickness must be within a predetermined tolerance. This gage would be out of tolerance if the splines were measured with a pin. The dimensions of this splined shaft can be found in the respective ANSI or DIN standards.
The go-no-go gage is useful for final inspection of thread pitch diameter. It is also useful for splined shafts and threaded nuts. The thread of a screw must match the contour of the go-no-go gage head to avoid a no-go condition. There is no substitute for a quality machine. It is an essential tool for any splined shaft and fastener manufacturer.
The NO-GO gage can detect changes in tooth thickness. It can be calibrated under ISO17025 standards and has many advantages over a non-go gage. It also gives a visual reference of the thickness of a splined shaft. When the teeth match, the shaft is considered ready for installation. It is a critical process. In some cases, it is impossible to determine the precise length of the shaft spline.
The 45-degree pressure angle is most commonly used for axles and torque-delivering members. This pressure angle is the most economical in terms of tool life, but the splines will not roll neatly like a 30 degree angle. The 45-degree spline is more likely to fall off larger than the other two. Oftentimes, it will also have a crowned look. The 37.5 degree pressure angle is a compromise between the other 2 pressure angles. It is often used when the splined shaft material is harder than usual.

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China wholesaler SWC Heavy Duty Designed Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft Manufacturer near me supplier

Product Description

SWC Series-Medium-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg); 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg); 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg); 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg); 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg); 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m); 16 22.;4 31.;5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m); 8 11.;2 16 20 31.;5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°); 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9); 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.;0 7.;0 9.;0 9.;0 12.;5 12.;5 12.;5 15.;0 16.;0 18.;0 20.;0 22.;5 22.;5 25
  MI(Kg); 2.;57 3 3.;85 3.;85 5.;17 6 6.;75 8.;25 10.;6 13 18.;50 23.;75 29.;12 38.;08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm); 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1.; Notations:; 
L=Standard length,; or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn);; 
TF=Fatigue torque,; I.; E.; Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2.; Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3.; Please consult us for customizations regarding length,; length compensation and
Flange connections.; 
(DIN or SAT etc.; );
 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

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China best Chinese High Quality Cardan Shaft/Universal Shaft of SWC Light Duty Type with high quality

Product Description

SWC-I Series-Light-Duty Designs Cardan shaft
Designs

Data and Size of SWC-I Series Universal Joint Couplings

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

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China high quality ISO Certificated SWC Cardan Shaft/Crank Shaft Applied in Rolling Mill Equipment with Free Design Custom

Product Description

HangZhou  Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Cardanshaft Co.,LTD  is a leading  professional manufacturer of cardan shafts in China. It is located in HangZhou ,ZheJiang Province. Our company has focused on the research and development , design and manufacture with different kinds of cardan shafts for almost 15 years.

Our producted cardan shafts are widely used in domestic large steel enterprises, such as ZheJiang Baosteel, HangZhou Iron and Steel Corporation, HangZhou Steel Corp and other domestic large-scale iron and steel enterprises.Now more products are exported to Europe, North America and Southeast Asia and other regions.

Our cardan shafts can be used to resist vibration and impact in the harsh environment of steel rolling, and the service life of cardan shafts is longer. We can also customize the special connection modes of cardan shafts in accordance of customers’ requirements .High precision, flexible joints, easy installation, perfect after-sales service and so on are highlight features of our products.  

 

The following table for SWC Medium-sized Universal Shaft Parameters. 

Designs

Data and Sizes of SWCZ Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg) 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg) 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg) 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m) 16 22.4 31.5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m) 8 11.2 16 20 31.5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9) 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 22.5 22.5 25
  MI(Kg) 2.57 3 3.85 3.85 5.17 6 6.75 8.25 10.6 13 18.50 23.75 29.12 38.08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm) 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
Β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

The Different Types of Splines in a Splined Shaft

A splined shaft is a machine component with internal and external splines. The splines are formed in 4 different ways: Involute, Parallel, Serrated, and Ball. You can learn more about each type of spline in this article. When choosing a splined shaft, be sure to choose the right 1 for your application. Read on to learn about the different types of splines and how they affect the shaft’s performance.
splineshaft

Involute splines

Involute splines in a splined shaft are used to secure and extend mechanical assemblies. They are smooth, inwardly curving grooves that resist separation during operation. A shaft with involute splines is often longer than the shaft itself. This feature allows for more axial movement. This is beneficial for many applications, especially in a gearbox.
The involute spline is a shaped spline, similar to a parallel spline. It is angled and consists of teeth that create a spiral pattern that enables linear and rotatory motion. It is distinguished from other splines by the serrations on its flanks. It also has a flat top. It is a good option for couplers and other applications where angular movement is necessary.
Involute splines are also called involute teeth because of their shape. They are flat on the top and curved on the sides. These teeth can be either internal or external. As a result, involute splines provide greater surface contact, which helps reduce stress and fatigue. Regardless of the shape, involute splines are generally easy to machine and fit.
Involute splines are a type of splines that are used in splined shafts. These splines have different names, depending on their diameters. An example set of designations is for a 32-tooth male spline, a 2,500-tooth module, and a 30 degree pressure angle. An example of a female spline, a fillet root spline, is used to describe the diameter of the splined shaft.
The effective tooth thickness of splines is dependent on the number of keyways and the type of spline. Involute splines in splined shafts should be designed to engage 25 to 50 percent of the spline teeth during the coupling. Involute splines should be able to withstand the load without cracking.

Parallel splines

Parallel splines are formed on a splined shaft by putting 1 or more teeth into another. The male spline is positioned at the center of the female spline. The teeth of the male spline are also parallel to the shaft axis, but a common misalignment causes the splines to roll and tilt. This is common in many industrial applications, and there are a number of ways to improve the performance of splines.
Typically, parallel splines are used to reduce friction in a rotating part. The splines on a splined shaft are narrower on the end face than the interior, which makes them more prone to wear. This type of spline is used in a variety of industries, such as machinery, and it also allows for greater efficiency when transmitting torque.
Involute splines on a splined shaft are the most common. They have equally spaced teeth, and are therefore less likely to crack due to fatigue. They also tend to be easy to cut and fit. However, they are not the best type of spline. It is important to understand the difference between parallel and involute splines before deciding on which spline to use.
The difference between splined and involute splines is the size of the grooves. Involute splines are generally larger than parallel splines. These types of splines provide more torque to the gear teeth and reduce stress during operation. They are also more durable and have a longer life span. And because they are used on farm machinery, they are essential in this type of application.
splineshaft

Serrated splines

A Serrated Splined Shaft has several advantages. This type of shaft is highly adjustable. Its large number of teeth allows large torques, and its shorter tooth width allows for greater adjustment. These features make this type of shaft an ideal choice for applications where accuracy is critical. Listed below are some of the benefits of this type of shaft. These benefits are just a few of the advantages. Learn more about this type of shaft.
The process of hobbing is inexpensive and highly accurate. It is useful for external spline shafts, but is not suitable for internal splines. This type of process forms synchronized shapes on the shaft, reducing the manufacturing cycle and stabilizing the relative phase between spline and thread. It uses a grinding wheel to shape the shaft. CZPT Manufacturing has a large inventory of Serrated Splined Shafts.
The teeth of a Serrated Splined Shaft are designed to engage with the hub over the entire circumference of the shaft. The teeth of the shaft are spaced uniformly around the spline, creating a multiple-tooth point of contact over the entire length of the shaft. The results of these analyses are usually satisfactory. But there are some limitations. To begin with, the splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft should be chosen carefully. If the application requires large-scale analysis, it may be necessary to modify the design.
The splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft are also used for other purposes. They can be used to transmit torque to another device. They also act as an anti-rotational device and function as a linear guide. Both the design and the type of splines determine the function of the Splined Shaft. In the automobile industry, they are used in vehicles, aerospace, earth-moving machinery, and many other industries.

Ball splines

The invention relates to a ball-spinned shaft. The shaft comprises a plurality of balls that are arranged in a series and are operatively coupled to a load path section. The balls are capable of rolling endlessly along the path. This invention also relates to a ball bearing. Here, a ball bearing is 1 of the many types of gears. The following discussion describes the features of a ball bearing.
A ball-splined shaft assembly comprises a shaft with at least 1 ball-spline groove and a plurality of circumferential step grooves. The shaft is held in a first holding means that extends longitudinally and is rotatably held by a second holding means. Both the shaft and the first holding means are driven relative to 1 another by a first driving means. It is possible to manufacture a ball-splined shaft in a variety of ways.
A ball-splined shaft features a nut with recirculating balls. The ball-splined nut rides in these grooves to provide linear motion while preventing rotation. A splined shaft with a nut that has recirculating balls can also provide rotary motion. A ball splined shaft also has higher load capacities than a ball bushing. For these reasons, ball splines are an excellent choice for many applications.
In this invention, a pair of ball-spinned shafts are housed in a box under a carrier device 40. Each of the 2 shafts extends along a longitudinal line of arm 50. One end of each shaft is supported rotatably by a slide block 56. The slide block also has a support arm 58 that supports the center arm 50 in a cantilever fashion.
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Sector no-go gage

A no-go gauge is a tool that checks the splined shaft for oversize. It is an effective way to determine the oversize condition of a splined shaft without removing the shaft. It measures external splines and serrations. The no-go gage is available in sizes ranging from 19mm to 130mm with a 25mm profile length.
The sector no-go gage has 2 groups of diametrally opposed teeth. The space between them is manufactured to a maximum space width and the tooth thickness must be within a predetermined tolerance. This gage would be out of tolerance if the splines were measured with a pin. The dimensions of this splined shaft can be found in the respective ANSI or DIN standards.
The go-no-go gage is useful for final inspection of thread pitch diameter. It is also useful for splined shafts and threaded nuts. The thread of a screw must match the contour of the go-no-go gage head to avoid a no-go condition. There is no substitute for a quality machine. It is an essential tool for any splined shaft and fastener manufacturer.
The NO-GO gage can detect changes in tooth thickness. It can be calibrated under ISO17025 standards and has many advantages over a non-go gage. It also gives a visual reference of the thickness of a splined shaft. When the teeth match, the shaft is considered ready for installation. It is a critical process. In some cases, it is impossible to determine the precise length of the shaft spline.
The 45-degree pressure angle is most commonly used for axles and torque-delivering members. This pressure angle is the most economical in terms of tool life, but the splines will not roll neatly like a 30 degree angle. The 45-degree spline is more likely to fall off larger than the other two. Oftentimes, it will also have a crowned look. The 37.5 degree pressure angle is a compromise between the other 2 pressure angles. It is often used when the splined shaft material is harder than usual.

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